The six-member MPC had kept the repo rate unchanged on December 5 despite moderation in economic growth and easing inflation.
?In the last MPC meeting when we took a pause, I don't know why the market was surprised, said RBI Gov Shaktikanta Das.
The country's reserve position with the International Monetary Fund also increased by USD 15 million to USD 3.644 billion, the data showed.
Shaktikanta Das says vegetable prices should soften by early February 2020.
The comments come a year after government tagged Bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies illegal and the RBI banned their trade.
The sharp decline in growth had many analysts assuming the Reserve Bank will deliver a rate cut on Thursday.
The central bank also revised GDP growth downwards to 5 per cent for 2019-20 from 6.1 per cent projected in its October policy.
The IHS Markit India Services Business Activity Index improved to 52.7 in November from 49.2 in October.
The limit has been increased from Rs 1.6 lakh for urban or semi-urban areas to Rs 2 lakh, the RBI said in a circular.
RBI has also proposed that FASTags would be enabled to pay for parking fee and even at fuel stations.